Explora Science reviews How AI is Already Affecting Freelancers' Employability and Earnings

Science reviews

December 5, 2023

How AI is Already Affecting Freelancers’ Employability and Earnings

Xiang Hui, Oren Reshef, and Luofeng Zhou (2023). The Short-Term Effects of Generative Artificial Intelligence on Employment: Evidence from an Online Labor Market


A content by FFWi



This paper provides critical insights into the impact of generative AI, particularly ChatGPT and other image-based models, such as Dall-E2 and Midjourney, on the employment outcomes in online labor markets. 

The study highlights a notable decline in employment and earnings for freelancers in highly affected occupations, including those offering writing-related services and image/design-related occupations. Importantly, the adverse effects of AI on employment were not moderated by the quality of the freelancer's service. Even top performers, measured by past performance and employment, experienced these detrimental impacts.

Specifically, the analysis reveals notable negative impacts of ChatGPT's release on freelancer activity on the

To view this content and more, subscribe to one of our plans.

In addition to our personalized value services, our plans for companies provide your HR professionals with access to specialized work groups in different disciplines, participation in all the activities on our calendar, and the resources of our knowledge repository, among which include opinion pieces, exclusive trend reports, and summaries of academic research translated into company language.

  • Plan


    Recommended for HR teams of between 5 and 20 people.


  • Plan


    Recommended for HR teams of between 15 and 100 people.


  • Plan


    Recommended for HR teams of more than 100 people.


  • Plan


    For more complex organizations.


Contact us

Already Registered? Log in here